Liberia

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Liberia
Liberia

Liberia is located on the west coast of Africa, bordered to the north by Sierra Leone and Guinea, to the east by the Ivory Coast and to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean.

Area: 111 370 km2

Population: 4,503,000

Capital: Monrovia

Currency: Liberian Dollar

GDP: $3.879 billion (2017)

Internet domain: .lr

Languages: English (official language)

Working week: Monday – Friday

Exports: Iron ore; diamonds; natural rubber; coffee; timber

Imports: Fuel; chemicals; machinery; transportation equipment; manufactured goods; rice and other foodstuffs

  • Trade Marks

    Although the Industrial Property Act of Liberia was published in 2003 it has not yet been passed by Parliament. However, in practice, with effect from 1 January 2009, its provisions have been complied with by the Trade Marks Office under an executive decision.

    Liberia is a member of the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement and Protocol, and the ARIPO (Banjul Protocol).

    Provision is made for the registration of trade marks for goods and services, for collective marks, and for the protection of trade names.


  • Patents

    Although the Industrial Property Act of Liberia was published in 2003 it has not yet been passed by Parliament. However, in practice, with effect from 1 January 2009, its provisions have been complied with by the patent office under an executive decision.

    Liberia is a member of the Paris Convention, ARIPO (Harare Protocol) and PCT.

    Patent protection is available via a national filing or an ARIPO application designating Liberia. The 2003 Act (which, as indicated above, is being applied), incorporates the Harare Protocol (which regulates patent and design filings in ARIPO) into Liberia’s national law. However, the validity of an ARIPO application designating Liberia is uncertain as it is not clear whether the 2003 Act is legally in effect. The 2003 Act also provides for PCT filings. Accordingly, patent protection may be obtained via the PCT, but again there is some uncertainty in regard to validity.


  • Designs

    Although the Industrial Property Act of Liberia was published in 2003 it has not yet been passed by Parliament. However, in practice, with effect from 1 January 2009, its provisions have been complied with by the Designs Office under an executive decision.

    Liberia is a member of the Paris Convention and ARIPO (Harare Protocol).

    Design protection is available by a national filing or via an ARIPO application designating Liberia. Liberia has implemented the Harare Protocol (which regulates patent and design filings in ARIPO) in its national laws, thereby giving design protection to applicants seeking to obtain a design registration via ARIPO.

  • Copyright

    Liberia is a member of the Berne Convention, the Rome Convention, the Phonograms Convention, and the Universal Copyright Convention.

    The law provides for copyright in respect of original works of authorship in the form of literary, dramatic-musical and artistic works, including:

    • books, pamphlets, computer programs and other writings
    • lectures, addresses, sermons
    • dramatic and dramatic-musical works
    • musical works
    • choreographic works, pantomimes
    • audiovisual works
    • works of art, painting, drawing, architecture, sculpture, etc
    • photographic works
    • works of applied art or handicraft
    • illustrations, maps, plans, sketches, three-dimensional works relative to geography, topography, architecture, science
    • works of folklore
    • translations, adaptations, arrangements of works
    • compilations of literary or artistic works
    • derivative works.

    Excluded from protection are:

    • ideas, procedures, processes, concepts, principles
    • laws and decisions by courts or administrative bodies, reports by commissions
    • mere data regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated.

  • Plant Breeders' Rights

    Currently, no legislative provision for plant breeders’ rights or other sui generis protection for plants is available in Liberia.