Ethiopia

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Ethiopia
Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a land-locked country situated in East Africa. Sudan and South Sudan lie to the west of Ethiopia; Kenya to the south; Somalia and Djibouti to the east and Eritrea to the north and beyond these countries the Red Sea.

Area: 1 104 300 km2

Population: 102,374,044

Capital: Addis Ababa

Currency: Birr

GDP: $78.384 billion (2017)

Internet domain: .et

Languages: Amharic (official language), Afar (Danakil), Somali, Tigriñya, English

Working week: Monday – Friday

Exports: Coffee; leather products; gold; oil seed

Imports: Food and live animals; petroleum and petroleum products; chemicals; machinery; motor vehicles and aircraft

  • Trade Marks

    Ethiopia is not a member of the Paris Convention, nor of the Madrid Agreement/Protocol nor the WTO/TRIPS.

    Trade marks may be registered in respect of goods and services. The law also provides for the registration of collective trade marks.


  • Patents

    Ethiopia is not a member of the Paris Convention, nor of the PCT or the WTO/TRIPS. However, priority is afforded on the basis of a first-filed application in another country.

    Patent protection is obtainable by way of a patent granted on a national filing. A patent is granted in respect of an invention which entails patentable subject matter. A so-called patent of introduction (or importation) is granted to an invention which has been patented in another country where such patent has not yet expired (the period of protection being limited to 10 years). So-called minor (or petty) inventions may be protected by utility model certificates.


  • Designs

    Ethiopia is not a member of the Paris Convention nor of the WTO/TRIPS; yet the law and the Ethiopian registry recognises a claim to priority rights provided the application is filed within six months of the first-filed corresponding application.

    Protection may be obtained for an industrial design by way of a design certificate.

    Design protection does not extend to any feature of the design which serves only to obtain a technical result.


  • Copyright

    The Proclamation provides protection for copyright works, and also protects the rights of performers, producers of phonograms, and of broadcasters.

    Ethiopia is not a member of the Berne Convention nor of the WTO/TRIPS.

    The following works, if they are original and reduced to material form, are eligible for copyright protection:

    • literary works, including books, pamphlets, articles and other writings
    • oral works, including speeches, lectures, addresses, sermons
    • musical works
    • dramatic, dramatico-musical works, pantomimes, choreographic works, and other works created for stage production
    • sound recordings and audio-visual works
    • works of architecture
    • works of fine arts, including drawings, paintings, sculpture, engravings, lithography, tapestry
    • photographic and cinematographic works
    • illustrations, maps, plans, sketches and three-dimensional works related to geography, topography, architecture or science
    • computer programs
    • derivative works, including translations, adaptations and arrangements
    • collections of works, collections of mere data (databases), whether readable by machine or other form.

  • Plant Breeders' Rights

    Ethiopia is not a member of the UPOV Convention for the Protection of new Varieties of Plants.

    The effect of the protection is that the holder of a plant breeder’s right has the following exclusive rights:

    • to sell, including the right to license other persons to sell, the seed or propagating material of the protected variety
    • to produce, including the right to license other persons to produce, propagating material of the protected variety for sale.

    Other persons are prohibited from carrying out these activities without the authorisation of the right holder.