Democratic Republic Of The Congo

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Democratic Republic of The Congo
Democratic Republic Of The Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) lies in Central Africa, bordered by the Republic of Congo to the north-west; the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania to the east; and Zambia and Angola to the south. There is a short coastline at the outlet of the River Congo on the west coast.

Area: 2 342 000 km2

Population: 5,305,990 million

Capital: Kinshasa

Currency: Congolese Franc

GDP: $ 35 billion USD (2016)

Internet domain: .cd

Languages: French (official language), Lingala, Kongo, Mongo, Swahili

Working week: Monday – Friday

Exports: Copper; petroleum; cobalt; diamonds; coffee; crude oil

Imports: Consumer goods; foodstuffs; mining and other machinery; transport equipment; fuel.

  • Trade Marks

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a member of the Paris Convention and the WTO/TRIPS. The Law provides for the registration of trade marks for goods and services, for collective marks, for manufacturing marks, and for national warranty marks. The Law states that the filing of a mark is compulsory for each commercial operator.

    Applications may be filed as national applications and, in appropriate circumstances, claiming convention priority in terms of the Paris Convention.


  • Patents

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a member of the Paris Convention and the WTO/TRIPS. Patent protection is available in the DRC by way of a national filing. The DRC is a signatory to the Paris Convention and a national filing can claim convention priority. The DRC is not a member of the PCT, ARIPO, or OAPI. It is to be noted that foreign applicants must be represented by an agent in the DRC.


  • Designs

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a member of the Paris Convention and the WTO/TRIPS.

    Protection for industrial designs is available in the DRC only by way of a national filing. As the DRC is a signatory to the Paris Convention, such a national filing can claim convention priority.


  • Copyright

    The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a member of the Berne Convention, the Phonograms Convention and WTO/TRIPS.

    The Law provides for copyright in respect of all works by authors, regardless of the type, the form of expression or the merit, including:

    • books, pamphlets, brochures and other writings of a literary, artistic or scientific nature
    • lectures, addresses, sermons, commentaries, whether oral or written
    • dramatic and dramatico-musical works, including choreographic works, pantomimes
    • musical works
    • cinematographic and audiovisual works
    • works of art, architecture, painting, drawing, sculpture, lithography, etc
    • photographic works
    • works of applied art or craft
    • illustrations, geographical charts, plastic works relating to geography, topography, architecture
    • works of folklore
    • translations, adaptations, arrangements of works
    • collections of works.

  • Plant Breeders' Rights

    Currently, no legislative provision for plant breeders’ rights or other sui generis protection for plants is available in Democratic Republic of the Congo.